ListView Height Issue in Xamarin Forms – How to Solve it ?

Objective

When I was trying to add few items(1-2) to a List View in Xamarin forms inside of a Stack Layout, Its height does not automatically set according to the number of rows and there will be a empty space.

cover2

So I tried different things to solve the issue and finally I found a solution.

Solution

The solution is we have to set the Height of the list view according to the height of number of rows manually in code behind.

And also we can solve it using MVVM dynamically. Please click here to go to the article…

Here are steps to Solve the issue..

  1. Create a new Xamarin forms project with a PCL.
  2. Add a List View in a Stack layout i the MainPage.(But you can do this in your view page)

3 list view unregular code


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<ContentPage xmlns="http://xamarin.com/schemas/2014/forms"              xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2009/xaml"              xmlns:local="clr-namespace:ListViewApp"              x:Class="ListViewApp.MainPage">

    <ScrollView>
        <StackLayout>
            <BoxView HeightRequest="10" HorizontalOptions="FillAndExpand"/>
            <Image Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="1" HorizontalOptions="Center" VerticalOptions="Center" 		        	 HeightRequest="100" WidthRequest="100" Source = "User.png">
            </Image>
            <Label Text="  Friends " HorizontalOptions="FillAndExpand" BackgroundColor="#C7FCE1" FontSize="Large"/>
            <ListView x:Name="listViewFriends"  HasUnevenRows="true" SeparatorVisibility="Default" VerticalOptions="Fill">
                <ListView.ItemTemplate>
                    <DataTemplate>
                        <ViewCell>
                            <ViewCell.View>
                                <Grid>
                                    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                        <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
                                        <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
                                    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="20"/>
                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto"/>
                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="20"/>
                                    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                    <Image Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="1" Grid.RowSpan="2"                                        WidthRequest="40" HeightRequest="40" Source = "Friend.png">
                                    </Image>
                                    <Label Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="2" Text="{Binding Name}" FontSize="Medium" TextColor="#065C2B"/>
                                    <Label Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="2" Text="{Binding Email}" FontSize="Small" TextColor="#6FCF97"/>
                                </Grid>
                            </ViewCell.View>
                        </ViewCell>
                    </DataTemplate>
                </ListView.ItemTemplate>
            </ListView>
            <Button Text="Add New Friend" TextColor="White" BackgroundColor="#01148E" FontAttributes="Bold" HorizontalOptions="FillAndExpand"/>
            <Button Text="Delete Friend" TextColor="White" BackgroundColor="#B61515" FontAttributes="Bold" HorizontalOptions="FillAndExpand"/>
        </StackLayout>
    </ScrollView>
</ContentPage>

3.Then Bind data to the List View in the code behind.

(You can Bind data using MVVM. But Here I’ll bind a collection in a simple way).

Here I have created a Model called “Friend” to create the collection of Friends.


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Xamarin.Forms;
using Xamarin.Forms.Xaml;

namespace ListViewApp
{
[XamlCompilation(XamlCompilationOptions.Compile)]
public partial class MainPage : ContentPage
{
public MainPage()
{
InitializeComponent();
listViewFriends.ItemsSource = GetFriends();
}

/// <summary>
/// Get Messages to Message List
/// </summary>
/// <returns></returns>
private ObservableCollection<FriendModel> GetFriends()
{
ObservableCollection<FriendModel> collection = new ObservableCollection<FriendModel>();
try
{
collection.Add(new FriendModel() { ID = 1, Name = "Friend 1", Email = "friend1@sample.com" });
collection.Add(new FriendModel() { ID = 1, Name = "Friend 1", Email = "friend1@sample.com" });
listViewFriends.HeightRequest = (40 * collection.Count)+(10* collection.Count);
}
catch (Exception)
{
throw;
}
return collection;
}
}

public class FriendModel
{
public string Name { get; set; }
public string Email { get; set; }
public int ID { get; set; }
}
}

 

4. Then Run the code and you can see a list view with a empty area..

Screenshot_20170516-230919

5. So we have to reduce the Height of the List view.

Lets see the XAML structure of the list view. The List view contains a grid view as the template. And the grid view has 2 rows. It consists of a image with has the row-span=2. That means  normally the height of one item of the List view is equal to the height of the image.

So then I’ll set the

Height(HeightRequest property of ListView) = Number of items * Height of one Item

I have added the code inside of the GetFriends() Method.

4 add a height


private ObservableCollection<FriendModel> GetFriends()
{
ObservableCollection<FriendModel> collection = new ObservableCollection<FriendModel>();
try
{
collection.Add(new FriendModel() { ID = 1, Name = "Friend 1", Email = "friend1@sample.com" });
collection.Add(new FriendModel() { ID = 1, Name = "Friend 1", Email = "friend1@sample.com" });
listViewFriends.HeightRequest = (40 * collection.Count);
}
catch (Exception)
{
throw;
}
return collection;
}

6. Then Run the app again.. And you may see the allocated size is now enough for the list view.

Screenshot_20170516-232247

7. So What Should we do ?

According to that a Item(row) in a List view acquire extra space other than the height of the controls inside it. Normally it may be 10px.

So we have to add it  to the height of the ListView.

HeightRequest = (No.of items * Height of one Item) +(Default space + No.of items)

5 add a height plus padding


/// <summary>
/// Get Messages to Message List
/// </summary>
/// <returns></returns>
private ObservableCollection<FriendModel> GetFriends()
{
ObservableCollection<FriendModel> collection = new ObservableCollection<FriendModel>();
try
{
collection.Add(new FriendModel() { ID = 1, Name = "Friend 1", Email = "friend1@sample.com" });
collection.Add(new FriendModel() { ID = 1, Name = "Friend 1", Email = "friend1@sample.com" });
listViewFriends.HeightRequest = (40 * collection.Count)+(10* collection.Count);
}
catch (Exception)
{
throw;
}
return collection;
}

8. Then Run the code and It will be provide the expected result.

Screenshot_20170516-232610

Thanks !

3 thoughts on “ListView Height Issue in Xamarin Forms – How to Solve it ?

  1. Pingback: Xamarin Forms : ListView Height Change Dynamically, using MVVM and also, Solve Empty Space issue | Xamarin Sharp – Codez with Buddhima

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